The life of Jesus Christ have appreciably influenced the course of human history and by virtue of a compassionate attitude toward the sick, also have contributed to the development of humanity. The eminence of Jesus as a historical figure and the suffering and controversy associated with his death have stimulated the world to know the circumstances surrounding his crucifixion.The Crucifixion
Hanging on a cross was the most disgraceful, agonizing and cruel form of death penalty. In the times of Romans, such a death penalty was imposed only on the most hardened criminals. The torture of a crucified man is impossible to describe. Besides unbearable pain in every part of the body, the crucified underwent the ordeal of terrible thirst and spiritual suffering until dead. The chiefs of the Jews wanted to disgrace Jesus Christ forever by condemning Him to such a death.The Reason
Jesus came with his followers to Jerusalem during the Passover festival. He was involved in a public disturbance at the Temple in Jerusalem when he overturned the tables of the moneychangers there. At some point later, he was betrayed by one of his apostles, Judas Iscariot, leading to his arrest. The Romans ruled the city and the Jewish authorities of the city had to arrest people in order to obey Roman orders to maintain the peace. Jesus' disciples went into hiding after he was arrested. Later he was sentenced to death by crucifixion.The Suffering
When they brought Jesus Christ to Golgotha, the soldiers offered Him sour wine to drink, mingled with bitter substances to lessen the suffering. The Lord, when He tasted it, did not wish to drink it. He did not want to lessen the suffering. This suffering, He took upon Himself voluntarily for the sins of all people; thus, he wanted to bear it consciously to the end. He was beaten by Roman soldiers, scourged, stripped and nailed to a cross.Final Hours
When all was ready, the soldiers crucified Jesus Christ. It was about midday, by Jewish reckoning - the sixth hour of the day. When they crucified Him, He prayed for His tormentors, saying, "Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do." He was crucified between two robbers, and died.